English Version: October 2013
Bibeksheel Nepali Stands (version 1.0.1) ( translation from Nepali version. Nepali version to be upheld in an event of interpretational doubt)
Bibeksheel Nepali has prepared the following stands based on the feedback received from over sixty public meetings and interactions held within the past year to discuss solutions to the ongoing problems faced by the Nepali people.
This is a living document. Our policy is to continually keep improving the following Stands over time.
Sovereignty of Nepal is vested solely in the citizens of Nepal.
The ultimate authority to raise as well as decide the economic, social and political issues of Nepal is solely vested upon the citizens of Nepal. Political institution is merely a tool to facilitate this task. Upholding the ultimate sovereignty of the Nepali people we are therefore dedicated to serve the citizens of Nepal.
We stand for freedom and economic prosperity. Freedom is meaningless without economic prosperity.
By being contemporary (up-to-dated and open to change) we remain focussed on the priorities and continually improve in ways of devising and delivering people focussed policies. It ensures citizens’ security and state services that ultimately enables citizens to fulfil their civil duties.
Middle-way guides the nation towards peace, prosperity and happiness by integrating the positive aspects of the various ideologies and isms. Nepal’s prosperity will be ensured by the following eight pillars:
Open and Evolving Nepali
Bibeksheel mixed economic policy for equitable prosperity through entrepreneurship development
Short-term strategy: Self-sufficiency in goods of necessity. Priority in agriculture, domestic industries and entrepreneurship. Declare short-term economic crisis. Development of food, energy and physical infrastructures.
Medium-term strategy: Tourism, Foreign Direct Investment, projects to link land routes between India and China.
Long-term strategy: Make Nepal destination for financial service, research and education.
Overall: We are for Political Economy rather than mere Politics. Entrepreneur Nepali and Servant Government will be the corner stones of equitable economic prosperity.
Fiscal Destination: Make Nepal fiscal destination of Asia mainly for the Indians and the Chinese. Make Nepal a haven for depositing wealth for everyone.
Rule of law
Ensure rule of law. Introduce sweeping changes to the state apparatus such as courts, police, intelligence and prison for effective implement the rule of law.
Short-term strategy: Integrate legal professionals and related sector. Create an environment to produce a fully scientific and technocratic manpower for implementation of rule of law.
Medium-term strategy: Sweeping improvements and increased standards of judicial and police sectors. Basis of recruitment to be knowledge of law, interest in research and skills.
Long-term strategy: Ensuring human rights with establishment of rule of law.
– One semi-judicial body in each unit of service delivery with capacity to hear and decide some cases.
– Four levels of courts (village, district, zone and regional). Court cases to be decided in maximum of three levels and within 15 months or else ….
– Supreme Court to be the constitutional court. A separate Regional Court to hear and decide cases of high-level bureaucratic and political corruption; appeal to be heard and decided by the Supreme Court.
Overall: There is no meaning to democracy without rule of law. Upholding rule of law and efficient judicial delivery is our primary focus.
Peaceful and prosperous
Establish a peaceful and prosperous Nepali society by practicing the following eight pillars of Bibeksheel Nepali:
Open and Evolving Nepali
Short-term strategy: Living the ideals of Responsible Citizens and Accountable Leadership.
Medium-term strategy: United and Free Nepali to be the new direction. Adopt open pro-development strategies for advancement of Nepal.
Long-term strategy: Practical education and smart policies will encourage our people to be open, evolving and prosperous. Establishment of Servant Government.
Overall: Don’t just say you are a Nepali, be a Nepali. There are eight innovative approaches to build our society:
Open and Evolving Nepali
Ensure elections are fair, timely and integrated. Use referendum for national issues.
Short-term strategy: Ensure timely local elections are held. Maximum use of information technology.
Mid-term strategy: Ensure voting rights of Nepali citizens residing overseas. Introduce the provision to vote “no” in case a voter does not want to vote any candidate.
Long-term strategy: Ensure the right of voters to stand down their representative. Only candidates with their own profession and with clean image to be eligible to contest election. Citizen managed information technology based election system (?).
Overall: Smaller constitution assembly with 75 members; one from each district. Ensure constitution is prepared within six months.
Constitution should be brief and practical, should ensure national interest and should be flexible to accommodate timely improvements.
– Constitution is a means, not the end. Ensure constitution within six months.
– Five states based on economic independence, capacity, natural and human resources, 14 zones and one capital.
– Ensure individual freedom and voting rights.
– Ensure rule of law.
– Ensure every citizens’ right to 12 years of education and one year of national service. In every VDC, ensure at least one school of international standard with innovative, scientific and practical curriculum.
– Prohibit Nepal Bandha or similar detrimental modes of protest.
– Ensure the rights of children and women.
– Secular state with provision of registration when religion is changed.
– Ensure provision of referendum.
– Reserving quota should be for capacity building and education not for role; it should be based on economic indicators not on ethnicity.
– Constitution should accommodate timely improvements.
Overall: Constitution should be issued without delay. Use intellectual resources instead of economic resources (?).
Democratic, servant government, empowered local government, people-focussed.
– Ceremonial president.
– Directly elected prime minister who is entitled to form his own cabinet.
– 25 member Upper House – five elected from five regions, responsible for regional issues, constitution amendment and treaty settlement.
– Parliament – Number of representatives to be based on each hundred thousand voters. Parliament approves government policies.
Overall: We are building base that lasts for centuries rather than arguing on what colour to paint on the wall. State system should ensure peace and prosperity.
Secular state. Freedom of religion.
It is imperative to segregate religion and state. Ethical basis of religion will not be undermined.
Religion change by self-determination is allowed but should be registered. It is a criminal offence to encourage organised pre-meditated religion change.
Policy based on capacity. Ensure inclusiveness on the basis of economic status.
Short-term strategy: Use the quota based on economic status for capacity building and skill enhancement not for ensuring a role in government service.
Medium-term strategy: Government service should be based on capacity and regional basis (?).
Long-term strategy: Establish a modern state with economic and social equity through education and entrepreneurship.
Overall: Capable Nepal, Prosperous Nepal. Capable Society, Free Society. Capable Culture, Proud Culture.
Unity in Diversity
Unite Nepali while ensuring diversity of language and culture is maintained.
– Ensure opportunity for prosperity and respect based on citizenship not on ethnicity.
– Regional museum of language and culture. Zonal research centre and school for regional languages.
– Emphasize cooperation that contributes to strengthen nationalism. Special emphasis in sports.
Medium-term strategy: Equal opportunity for access to education, employment and entrepreneurship.
Long-term strategy: Unity in diversity. End of all discrimination based on ethnicity.
Overall: We believe in unity in diversity. Our Stand is to create opportunity for prosperity and respect for our citizens. Respecting uniqueness of ethnicities we head towards the path of uniting Nepali – the equitable prosperity.
Policy to focus on Nepaliness (Be Nepali, Use Nepal made goods).
Short-term strategy: Unity in the issues of national interest, promotion of historical heritage, promotion of cooperation, celebrate occasions of national pride such as Poush 27 as National Unity Day and Buddha Jayanti.
Mid-term strategy: Promotion of nationalism in education, every citizen to create an environment of service.
Long-term strategy: Nationalism is not only something to talk about; it is something you live.
Overall: Don’t only say you are a Nepali, be a Nepali. Nepal is our home, not a rental space!
Smart, diplomacy and economy based policy.
Keep open border but monitor and manage movement, provision of short-term visa, limit the numbers of open ports, emphasis on information and research, cap the size of army, extend diplomatic network, expand friendship with like-minded groups and states.
Short-term strategy: Unity among those with similar views on issues of national interest. Build a smart diplomatic network.
Mid-term strategy: Manage border, cap size of army to 25,000, basic army training for all.
Long-term strategy: Solve border issues. If necessary, raise the border issues in the international court.
Ensure safety and freedom of every citizen. Smart court system. Provision of compensation in the events of delay by state administration.
Short-term strategy: Monitor delay and corruption in the home administration. Maintain security through an integrated system of domestic security organs.
Mid-term strategy: Prepare human resources necessary for home security. Enhanced standard of home administration and courts. Emphasis on research and security management.
Long-term strategy: Make Nepal a safe and rule of law based state. Establish home administration infrastructures to make Nepal a state of self-determining and fully employed citizens.
Overall: Nepal government will be servant government. Servant government is for service of the people. Servant government or “no” government.
Protection of independence and sovereignty. Principle of economic win-win. Policy to promote nationalism and national security.
– Protest, discourage and minimise the environment of external interference in Nepal’s domestic affairs that has been exacerbated due to the ongoing behaviour of political parties.
– Self-sufficient economy (Internally promotion of nationalism. Externally protection of national interest)
Medium-term strategy: Attract Foreign Direct Investment. Train diplomats for achieving a balanced diplomacy.
Long-term strategy: Establish with the Indian and Chinese that Nepal is indeed a good and useful (?) neighbour state.
Overall: Develop nationalism. Currently nationalism is limited only to a small number of patriots. Otherwise there would not have been silence when our borders were encroached or when this degree of imitation of foreign culture has been occurring in our education system. Establish economic cooperation as the backbone of Nepal’s relationship with India and China so that political interference is discouraged.
(Text in yellow highlight is additional to the Nepali version)
Environment-friendly, Green and clean energy policies. Ensure preparedness of both state apparatus and citizens to combat the impacts of global warming and climate change.
Short-term strategy: Promote the concept of agro-forestry. Modern management of waste. Raise awareness that development and environment are inter-linked. Educate general people about the potential impact of global warming and climate change.
Mid-term strategy: Environment friendly transportation. Encourage local initiatives to combat impacts of global warming and climate change.
– Maximum use of reusable goods.
– Develop and adopt technologies for waste management.
– Present Nepal as an example nation with one of the lowest personal vehicle use and minimal industrial pollution.
– Adopt avoiding, mitigating and remedying the impacts of global warming as one of the mainstream national environment strategy.
– Sustainable management of waste. Promotion of agro-forestry, including commercial farming of fruit trees, for environmental protection.
– Development of clean energy and reduction in fossil fuel
– Environment friendly industries
– Fully committed to combat the impact of global warming and climate change.
State takes leadership and owns responsibility of the vital sectors such as security, education, health and environment. Provision of social security similar to the models in the Scandinavian countries.
Short-term strategy: Empower local government and leadership through timely local elections.
Mid-term strategy: Local government responsible for security, education, health and livelihood of their area.
Long-term strategy: Local bodies able to autonomously govern their areas and village.
Overall: Prepare an environment where every Nepali is able to ensure their livelihood and to serve the nation. “Peaceful and prosperous Nepal is made by responsible citizens and accountable leadership”
Meritocratic servant government, open, transparent, e-government policies.
Short-term strategy: Implement the report of the Administration Improvement Committee. Trim number of government employees based on a skills and capable test – retain the capable, retire the rest.
Mid-term strategy: Fully modernise administration. Effective education, local governance and responsible citizens for micro-government. Depoliticize unions.
Long-term strategy: Adopt the approach of smart and decentralised governance.
Overall: Re-evaluation of administrative system is imperative. Periodical test of employees is needed which forms basis for promotion, retention and employment action. It is important for the employees to be service oriented. Divide administration into five categories. (what are the five categories?)
Novel, innovative, equitable and entrepreneurial education policy.
– Build a network of individuals who have made significant contributed to the education sector.
– Nationwide expansion of concepts such as “teach for Nepal”, a concept that provides opportunity for well-educated individuals to teach in remote villages for up to 2 years. Side-by-side develop model schools.
– Dismiss student unions; find workable alternatives.
– Invest in innovative curriculum in schools and educational institutions.
Medium-term strategy: Invest heavily in education to uplift standard. Divert investment from army and armed forces into teachers and educational infrastructures.
Long-term strategy: Adopt the model of Budhanilkhantha School in every VDC. Schools should provide an environment for integrated learning of practical skills, moral education, knowledge and nationalism.
Overall: Adopt Budhanilkantha School model. Include skills and culture in schooling. Vocational training is essential in schools for promotion of entrepreneurship. Nepal needs skilful entrepreneurs. There is currently an over supply of those who are well educated but useless for the society and country. “Our education system should be world-class…”
Policy environment for scientists to invest in entrepreneurial and innovative activities.
Short-term strategy: Invest in curriculum that promotes innovation in schools and educational institutions.
Medium-term strategy: Utilise science for local industries, construction and household purposes.
Long-term strategy: Gradually transform our fatalistic society into scientific and Bibeksheel. We have an obligation to develop modern thinking and establish science in the society.
Overall: Knowledge of Nepalis will be globally acknowledged. Nepali will win the hearts of the world by their knowledge instead of their might.
Promote religious tourism.
Short-term strategy: Full utilisation of existing infrastructures. Seek tourism potential while building new infrastructures.
Mid-term strategy: Tourism promotion. Establish tourism as one of the main sources of national income.
Long-term strategy: Prove case for “where else in Asia other than Nepal?”. Target of annual number of tourists equal to the national population.
Overall: Nepal could be mecca for the Buddhist and Hindu. Promote Nepali smile as the corner stone for tourism.
Policy of political refinement to introduce an environment of better political culture.
– Increase examples of political win-win.
– Economy to be the principal agenda.
– Relate prosperity and solution of political problems.
– Dismiss political unions such as those of students, teachers and trade union. Instead find a workable modern alternative. Seek a strong independent mediator.
– Establish Bibeksheel Leadership Development Academy in each political parties.
– Educate politicians about entrepreneurship.
– Transparency in political parties.
– Political parties exclusively rely on government resources.
– Prohibit professional politics.
Overall: It is time to fix politics rather than to do politics. Make politics social service than a profession. Focus on political economy rather than party politics.
Adopt the policy of Build, Operate and Transfer.
Short-term strategy: Stable government, private investment and security.
Medium-term strategy: Electricity, Irrigation, Railway, Roading, Industry.
Long-term strategy: Airport, Dry port and transportation network.
Overall: It is imperative to successfully invest the remittance earned by Nepalis overseas to build the development infrastructures so that they are part of both service and result. We need to ensure ongoing income for the home returned.
Hold all already due elections.
Issue new constitution within Chaitra 2071.
Corruption free administration.
Crime free and transparent political parties.
How to build a peaceful and prosperous Nepal? Through the strategies of eight pillars of Bibeksheel Nepali.